Soil Management in the Wet Solid Mass of Uruburetama, Ceará, Brazil
Ms. José Nelson do Nascimento Neto, PhD; José Falcão Sobrinho, Dra. Cleire Lima da Costa Falcão

The process of land use and occupation in environments of residual masses in the semi-arid region has generated changes in the landscape. This fact is attested in the Uruburetama massif, located in the northern region of the State of Ceará, fruit of a degradacional agricultural cultivation of the soil in its steep slopes. This area comprises a territorial dimension of 973.43 km² and for analytical purposes of such degradation, it was decided to establish the top sequence model and to select in the massif two areas: quadrant I, in the municipality of Itapajé, and quadrant II, in the municipality of Uruburetama. Having said that, we aim to analyze the landscape alteration considering the land use and occupation process in the referred massif. During the research, physical and chemical analyzes of soil samples were performed, based on the EMBRAPA (2006) methodology. In quadrant I (top with soil under Atlantic forest, soil under banana cultivation and valley with soil under fallow in 12.47 km³) and in quadrant II (top with soil under banana tree, in the slope with soil under banana tree cultivation in the valley with soil under banana cultivation in 12.47 km²). The spatiality of the red-yellow argisol was verified. It was identified the decharacterization of the landscape in the two quadrants, and the need to consider the parceling and the curves of levels as an adequate management of the reality of the local relief.

Full Text: PDF     DOI: 10.15640/jges.v6n2a2